Modiola caroliniana (L.) Don

Red-flowered Mallow

Gen. Hist. 1: 466 (1831) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Mostly perennial, often rooting from lower nodes. Leaves petiolate; lamina broadly ovate to orbicular, usually cordate at base, c. 1.5–5 cm long and wide, usually shallowly to deeply 3–7-lobed, margins crenate to dentate, surfaces glabrescent or with scattered stellate and/or simple hairs; stipules ovate-triangular, 2–4 mm long. Pedicels 1–4 cm long, elongating in fruit; epicalyx lobes 3–5 mm long (to 8 mm in fruit); calyx c. 5 mm long at anthesis, lobes obtuse to broadly acute; petals orange-red, slightly exceeding calyx. Ripe mericarps resembling a horse's head, c. 4 mm long, bristly along the dorsal and apical crest, glabrous and transversely wrinkled near base; seeds reniform, c. 1.5 mm long, separated by an incomplete transverse partition. Flowers Sep.–Mar.

*CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *HNF, *HSF, *MonT, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *Strz, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *Wim. Naturalised in all states except NT. A common weed of gardens, and disturbed sites on moist or fertile soils.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1996). Modiola. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Malvales
family Malvaceae
genus Modiola
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Modiola caroliniana in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Modiola caroliniana in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present introduced
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised
Monaro Tablelands present naturalised
Victorian Alps present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory