Calochilus paludosus R.Br.

Red Beard-orchid

Prodr. 320 (1810) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Flowering plant 24–60 cm tall, slender to moderately stout. Leaf erect, linear-lanceolate, to 35 cm long, shorter than raceme, more or less rigid, channelled. Stem bracts 1 or 2. Flowers 1–6, reddish; subtending bract tapering to a point, shorter than flower; pedicel (excluding ovary) 8–17 mm long; dorsal sepal erect, broadly elliptic, acute, 12–16 mm long, hooded or the apex somewhat upswept; lateral sepals lanceolate, a little smaller than dorsal sepal, spreading below labellum; petals more or less oblique-triangular, upswept at tips, red veins conspicuous. Labellum deflexed, with a rounded marginal gland at each side at base, broadly rectangular in lower part, lamina ovate, c. 20–25 mm long, including glabrous strap-like apical extension c. 1 cm long, remainder of lamina covered with long reddish hairs, which are reduced in size towards base to small linear and rounded papillae. Column short, very broadly winged, without basal glands. Flowers Oct.–Nov.

CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, NIS, OtP, OtR, Strz, VVP, WPro, Wim. Also SA, Qld, Tas. New Zealand. Scattered through higher rainfall areas of southern Victoria, with inland occurrences in the far north-east (e.g. Tallangatta, Mitta Mitta).

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Orchidaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Jeff Jeanes, 2014-10-31
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Orchidaceae
genus Calochilus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Calochilus paludosus in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Calochilus paludosus in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory