Allocasuarina verticillata (Lam.) L.A.S.Johnson

Drooping Sheoak

J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 6: 79 (1982) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Dioecious tree, 4–10 m tall; penultimate branchlets woody. Bark fissured. Branchlets drooping, to 40 cm long; internodes 10–40 mm long, 0.7–1.5 mm diam., broadened at end near teeth, mostly densely pubescent in furrows; ribs slightly rounded with a minutely roughened keel. Teeth (8–)9–13, spreading, c. 1 mm long, not overlapping, withered. Male spikes 3–12 cm long, 2–4 whorls per cm; anther 1–2.5 mm long; bracteoles deciduous usually as a pair or united with perianth parts. Cones cylindric to barrel-shaped, longer than broad, sessile or on peduncle to 10 mm long; cone body 20–50 mm long, 17–30 mm diam.; bracts with long and slender mucro; valves in several rows, sometimes extending well beyond cone body, broadly acute to acute, often pungent, protuberance fused with body or inconspicuous, entire, only as about as long as bracts. Winged seeds 7–12 mm long, very dark brown. Flowers all year.

Brid, CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, LoM, MuF, MuM, NIS, OtP, OtR, SnM, Strz, VRiv, VVP, WaP, WPro, Wim. Also SA, NSW, Tas. Grows on rocky coasts (including islands), basalt plains and hills, and on dry rocky hills and ridges in highlands.

Characterized by its large cones with usually pointed valves, and the long branchlets. It can be readily distinguished from Allocasuarina luehmannii by the length and shape of internodes, length of male spikes and the size and shape of cones.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1996). Casuarinaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2017-11-29
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Fagales
family Casuarinaceae
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Allocasuarina verticillata in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Allocasuarina verticillata in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Bridgewater present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory