Thelymitra peniculata Jeanes

Muelleria 19: 50 (2004) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Flowering stem erect, straight, 20–50(–66) cm tall, 1–3.5 mm diam., green to purplish. Leaf linear, attenuate, 14–25(–44) cm long, 5–12 mm wide, fleshy, canaliculate, ribbed abaxially, sheathing at base, dark green with a purplish base. Inflorescence 4–10(–18)-flowered, open. Sterile bracts usually 2, rarely 1 or 3. Perianth segments lanceolate to ovate, 6–10(–12) mm long, rich purplish. Column 5–6.5 mm long, pink or purplish at base; mid-lobe expanded into a hood over the anther, tubular, often somewhat dorsally compressed, curving abruptly through c. 90 deg. yellow with a dark brown to almost black collar, apex usually deeply bilobed; lateral lobes converging or more or less parallel, 1.2–1.5 mm long, digitiform, porrect at base then curved gently upwards, each with a sub-terminal mop-like tuft of white hairs terminating in front of the mid-lobe. Anther inserted above centre of column, shortly beaked. Flowers Sep.–Nov.

CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, HNF, HSF, MonT, NIS, SnM, Strz, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WaP, Wim. Also SA, NSW, ACT, Tas. Common and widespread in grassland, heathland, grassy woodland and open forests from near sea-level to montane areas.

Widespread in south-eastern Australia.

Flowers are self-pollinating and only open on warm, humid days.

Created by: Jeff Jeanes, 2014-09-02
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-02-16
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Orchidaceae
genus Thelymitra
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Thelymitra peniculata in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Thelymitra peniculata in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory