Juncus vaginatus R.Br.

Prodr. 258 (1810) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Loosely tufted perennial with horizontal or ascending rhizomes. Cataphylls tight or loose, stramineous to pale brown towards the base, to c.28 cm long. Culms erect, dull light green, 60–170 cm high and 1.5–5 mm diam.; striations 25–65, usually strongly raised; pith cobwebby, continuous; stomates superficial. Inflorescence with flowers aggregated into few to many subglobular clusters, the clusters close or distant; primary bract continuous with culm, to c. 25 cm long; prophylls present. Tepals often with a faint reddish-brown longitudinal band on either side of the green (later turning stramineous) midrib, 2.6–3.8 mm long; stamens 6 (rarely 3), anthers 0.6–1.0 mm long. Capsules stramineous with a slightly darker apex, shorter than or equal to the tepals, 2.0–3.0 mm long; dehisced capsules with minute reddish flecks on the inner surface. Clustered Rush, Toolim (Koorie name) Flowers mostly Nov.–Jan., seeds shed mostly Dec.–Mar.

CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, MonT, NIS, OtP, OtR, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, Wim. Also Qld, NSW, ACT, Tas. Of scattered, somewhat unpredictable distribution, tending to grow in rather dry habitats in cooler parts of the State.

Resembles Juncus phaeanthus (see key) and J. australis: from the latter, it is distinguished by the cobwebby continuous pith, the paler cataphyll bases, the superficial stomates and the minute reddish flecks on the inner walls of open capsules. Hybrids with J. continuus are known.

Source: Albrecht, D.E. (1994). Juncus. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-02-27
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Juncaceae
genus Juncus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Juncus vaginatus in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Juncus vaginatus in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Victorian Alps present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory