Haloragis exalata var. exalata

Square Raspwort

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: vulnerable (v)

Perennial shrub 0.3–1.5 m tall; stems 4-angled, scabrous. Leaves opposite, becoming alternate below inflorescence, lanceolate, mostly 60–100 mm long, 13–25 mm wide, scabrous, sessile or shortly petiolate, margins serrate or biserrate; bracts lanceolate, 5–15 mm long, green, serrate; bracteoles linear-lanceolate, to 0.5 mm long, entire, deciduous, brown. Inflorescence 3–7-flowered; pedicels 0.7–1.5 mm long; sepals 4, green or reddish, ovate to triangular, 0.6–1 mm long; petals 4, yellow-green or reddish, 2.4–3.3 mm long; stamens 8; ovary 4-celled, obpyriform, 0.5–0.8 mm long, 4-angled, scabrous, styles 4. Fruit ovoid to obpyriform, usually 1–3 per axil, 2–2.8 mm long, 1.5–2 mm diam., green or reddish, 4-ribbed, smooth or weakly transversely rugose, minutely and sparsely scabrous. Flowers mainly Oct.–Mar.

Glep, VVP, WaP. Also NSW. Apparently confined to the south-west coast between the Glenelg River and Curdies River where it grows in damp riparian habitats.

This is one of two varieties of H. exalata subsp. exalata. Variety laevis is restircted to central N.S.W. and is distinguished by the non-scabrous stems and leaves. 

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1996). Haloragaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Andre Messina, 2020-06-05
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder [Saxifraganae]
order Saxifragales
family Haloragaceae
genus Haloragis
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Haloragis exalata var. exalata in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Haloragis exalata var. exalata in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native