Ixia maculata L.

Yellow Ixia

Sp. Pl., edn 2, 1664 (1763) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Corm up to 1.8 cm diam., sometimes producing 1 or 2 stolons. Stem unbranched. Leaves 5–8, erect, linear to linear-ovate, 10–42 cm long, 2–11 mm wide, sometimes with prominent midvein. Inflorescence 4–many-flowered, flowers crowded towards apex. Primary bracts often deeply toothed, 8–14 mm long, dry and membranous, completely rust-red, densely brown-streaked or ± colourless at base. Flowers cream-coloured or pale yellow to orange with dark reddish or purple at base of lobes. Perianth tube narrowly cylindric, 5–12 mm long; lobes spreading, 1.5–3 cm long, 8–12 mm wide, with apex obtuse to acute. Staminal filaments often united at base, 3–5 mm long; anthers 7–11 mm long. Ovary c. 4 mm long; style branches spreading at level of anthers, recurved, 3–5 mm long. Flowers Sep.–Oct.

*CVU, *DunT, *GipP, *Gold, *HSF, *NIS, *VRiv, *VVP, *Wim. Also naturalised in WA, SA, Qld, Tas. Locally abundant (e.g. on roadsides and rail-reserves), mostly near settlements, occasionally invading natural communities.

Source: Conn, B.J. (1994). Iridaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Iridaceae
genus Ixia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Ixia maculata in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Ixia maculata in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales