Datura ferox L.

Long-spine Thorn-apple

Amoen. Acad. 3: 403 (1756) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Stout herb to 1 m high; branches glabrous or sparsely pubescent with simple hairs. Leaves broad-ovate and angular to rounded-triangular with few shallow lobes that are toothed or sinuate, mostly 8–14 cm long, 6–16 cm wide, apex acute, base more or less truncate, glabrous; petiole to c. 8 cm long. Flowers erect on short indistinct pedicels; calyx 5-lobed, to 3.5 cm long, lobes 4–7 mm long; corolla 4–6 cm long, white, limb 5-lobed, the lobes ending in a point 1–2 mm long; stamens not exserted, anthers 3–4 mm long; style c. 3 cm long, stigma below anthers. Capsule more or less ellipsoid, to c. 4 cm long, erect, spiny, opening by 4 valves; spines usually 40–60, stout, conical, sharp, variable in length, the longest near capsule apex and 10–15 mm long; persistent calyx-base to 8 mm long; seeds 4–5 mm long, black or grey. Flowers mainly summer.

*CVU, *HNF, *HSF, *MuF, *VRiv. Naturalised in all States. Native to Central America. Widespread in disturbed sites often in agricultural and pastoral districts.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Solanaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-03-04
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Solanales
family Solanaceae
genus Datura
Higher taxa
species Datura ferox L.


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Datura ferox in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Datura ferox in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory