Smilacaceae

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Perennial dioecious, woody rhizomatous climbers. Roots fibrous; rhizome woody. Stems erect, scrambling or twining, ± woody (lacking secondary growth) and perennial. Leaves simple, alternate, petiolate, sometimes with paired stipular tendrils, venation parallel and/or reticulate. Inflorescence axillary, or leaf-opposed, spicate, racemose or a cymose panicle, bracteate. Flowers small, regular, bracteate, unisexual; perianth membranous, sepals and petals each 3, free, similar; stamens hypogynous, filaments free or connate, 6 (rarely 3–18), anthers 1-locular, dehiscing by longitudinal slits or apical pores; ovary superior, 3-locular, ovules 1 per locule; style single with a capitate or 3-lobed stigma, or the stigmas ± sessile. Fruit a berry; seeds ± globular-angular.

2 genera with c. 320 species, mostly tropical and subtropical; 1 genus with 7 species in Australia, 1 species in Victoria.

Source: Conran, J.G. (1994). Smilacaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Andre Messina, 2018-04-09
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Liliales
Higher taxa
family Smilacaceae
Subordinate taxa
genus Smilax L.