Ficus carica L.

Sp. Pl. 2: 1059 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Sparingly established

Deciduous, branching tree to 10 m high, often producing suckers. Leaves alternate, ovate, palmately 3–7 lobed; apex rounded to obtuse; margin subentire to crenate; base cordate to truncate; lamina (5–)10–20(–35) cm long, (5–)10–10(–35) cm wide, hispid to subglabrous above, puberulous below, tomentose on the veins; petiole 4–12 cm long; stipules 0.5–1.5 cm long, minutely ciliate. Figs axillary or on the previous seasons growth, solitary, subglobose, pear-shaped or obovoid, c. 30–60 mm long, puberulous, purple when mature, edible; osteole raised with protruding apical bracts; basal bracts 3, apex 2–3-lobed; lateral bracts absent. Flowers mainly during summer.

*CVU, *EGL, *GipP, *HSF, *NIS, *VRiv, *VVP. Native to the Mediterranean region, cultivated for fruit, seedlings occasionally recorded in nearby bushland throughout the east of the state.

Created by: Andre Messina, 2015-02-24
Updated by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2017-06-16
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Rosales
family Moraceae
genus Ficus
Higher taxa
species Ficus carica L.


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Ficus carica in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Ficus carica in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present introduced
Victorian Riverina present introduced
Gippsland Plain present introduced
Central Victorian Uplands present introduced
Northern Inland Slopes present introduced
East Gippsland Lowlands present introduced
Highlands-Southern Fall present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory