Viola cleistogamoides (L.G.Adams) Seppelt

Fl. South Australia 2: 870 (1986) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Rhizomatous perennial herb, glabrous to slightly pubescent. Leaves tufted; lamina ovate, obovate or rhombic, 5–15 mm long, 3–10(–15) mm wide, base cuneate and tapering to petiole; apex obtuse; margins broadly toothed; petioles narrowly winged, 0.5–2 cm long; stipules free, linear-lanceolate, 1–7 mm long, laciniate. Flower-scapes 5–25 mm long, shorter than leaves, bracteoles mostly above middle. Sepals lanceolate, c. 3 mm long, acute, basal appendages small; petals 2–3 mm long, cream, sometimes with a purplish tinge, lower (anterior) petal linear-oblong, c. 1 mm wide, without spur, lateral petals entire, bearded. Capsule ovoid, 3–5 mm long. Flowers Sep.–Nov.

CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, OtP, OtR, Strz, VVP, WaP, WPro, Wim. Also SA, NSW, Tas. Occurs in wettish heathland on sand, but also on skeletal soils in dry forest and woodland, mostly near-coastal.

Although the flowers resemble cleistogamous flowers in having reduced petals, they apparently open before shedding pollen.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1996). Viola. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Malpighiales
family Violaceae
genus Viola
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Viola cleistogamoides in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Viola cleistogamoides in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales