Flowers not exceeding the imbricate bracts. Male flowers with outer perianth whorl inserted at base of floral axis; perianth lobes free or connate; inner perianth whorl inserted distally on floral axis (distant from outer whorl), reduced and 2- or 3-toothed, or 2 or 3 hyaline lobes, usually with small dark gland on inner surface; stamens usually twice the number of inner perianth lobes; anthers often black. Female flowers with perianth absent or outer perianth whorl inserted at base of floral axis, 2 or 3 lobes; inner perianth whorl inserted distally on floral axis, 2 or 3 usually erect, hyaline lobes, sometimes with small gland on inner surface; ovary with simple style branches.
About 400 species, mostly in tropical and subtropical regions of the world; 33 species occurring in Australia, 2 in Victoria. Usually growing in damp places.
Leach, G.J. (2017). A revision of Australian Eriocaulon (Eriocaulaceae), Telopea 20: 205-259.