Opuntia engelmannii var. engelmannii

Engelmann's Prickly-pear

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Sparingly established

Erect or spreading shrub to 2 m high, trunk absent or to c. 50 cm high, 6–9 cm diam. Cladodes compressed, obovate to orbicular, 9–26(–38) cm long, 5.5–18 cm wide, dull, green to grey-green, smooth; areoles 35–80 per cladode face, 1–3(–4.3) cm apart, filled with brown wool and yellow (ageing brown) bristlelike glochids 4–10 mm long; spines 1–12 per areole, rarely absent, sometimes confined to upper third of cladode, spreading to deflexed, 0.8–4.7 long, 0.5–1 mm wide near base, yellow or white with yellow base. Flowers 5–10 cm diam.; sepaloids green; petaloids yellow, mucronate, undulate; stamens yellow; style red, stigma green (in Victoria); hypanthium pear-shaped, rarely barrel-shaped, smooth, without tubercles. Fruit obovoid to barrel-shaped, 2.5–7 cm long, 2.5–3.5 cm wide, moderately depressed at apex, reddish-purple, more or less tuberculate or smooth, spinose, juicy or not, often deciduous. Flowers late spring–summer.

Known in Victoria from near Merbein.

Created by: Val Stajsic, 2017-07-25
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-02-12
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