Blechnum cartilagineum Sw.

Gristle-fern

Synops. Fil. 114 312 (1806) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Rhizome semi-erect to horizontal, often branched. Fronds clustered towards tip of rhizome, erect, 35–150 cm tall, somewhat harsh; sterile and fertile fronds similar; young fronds commonly tinged dusky-pink, bronze or lime green. Stipe long, grooved, rough, pale brown, darker towards scaly base; scales black, shiny, coarse, long, with twisted tips, dense on stipes and rachises of young fronds, sparse to absent on mature fronds, growing from tubercles which harden. Lamina narrowly triangular to oblong, once pinnate, mid-green. Pinnae sessile, attached to rachis by abruptly widened base, alternate, close-set, oblong to linear, 3–15 cm long, decreasing only slightly in length towards base, margins finely toothed, tips tapering; lower pinna-pairs separate, the lowest bent downwards. Sori continuous and linear on either side of midvein, lamina continuing beyond sori.

CVU, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, HFE, HNF, HSF, NIS, OtP, OtR, SnM, Strz, VAlp, VVP, WaP, WPro. Also Qld, NSW, Tas. Philippines. Occurs commonly at forest margins or in canopy breaks, including swampy areas such as stream banks, open gullies and hillsides.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Ferns and allied plants (Psilophyta, Lycopodiophyta, Polypodiophyta). In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
order Polypodiales
family Blechnaceae
genus Blechnum
Higher taxa

Victoria

Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Blechnum cartilagineum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Blechnum cartilagineum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Highlands-Far East present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
State
Queensland
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory
Victoria
Tasmania