Gard. Dict. no., edn 8, 11 (1768) APNI
Slender, erect, glabrous annual 20–70 cm high. Short non-flowering shoots with leaves in whorls of 3, elliptic to ovate, 0.6–1 cm long, 1.5–2.5 mm wide; flowering shoots with erect, alternate leaves, linear, 1–4 cm long, 0.5–1 mm wide. Inflorescence few–many-flowered, at first short and dense, elongating in fruit; bracts 2–4 mm long; pedicels 3–6 mm long. Sepals fused only at base, 3–4 mm long; corolla 6–9 mm long, purple-violet with whitish pubescent palate closing mouth, spur backwards-directed from tube, 7–9 mm long, upper lip pointed outwards with 2 narrow elongate lobes, lower lip shorter with recurved lobes. Capsule with 2 globose lobes, 2.2–2.5 mm long; seeds fimbriate. Flowers spring.
*CVU, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Gold, *HNF, *HSF, *NIS, *OtP, *RobP, *Strz, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP. Also naturalised Qld, NSW. Native to southern Europe. Widespread weed of grassland and woodland communities, chiefly in disturbed sites along roadsides and railway lines, and in pasture etc.
|Bioregion||Occurrence status||Establishment means|
|Victorian Volcanic Plain||present||naturalised|
|Central Victorian Uplands||present||naturalised|
|Northern Inland Slopes||present||naturalised|
|East Gippsland Lowlands||present||introduced|
|East Gippsland Uplands||present||naturalised|
|New South Wales|
|Australian Capital Territory|