Viola eminens K.R.Thiele & Prober

Muelleria 18: 19 (2004) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Stoloniferous perennial herb, glabrous to sparsely pubescent. Leaves mostly tufted, but occasionally leaves alternate along stems (in Grampians). Lamina broad-reniform, 10–15(–25) mm long, (12–)25–35(–60) mm wide, truncate or nearly so at base, or with a broad sinus, apex rounded or very broadly obtuse, margins shallowly 7–20-toothed; petioles 2–12 cm long; stipules free, narrowly to broadly triangular, 2–5 mm long, often shallowly gland-toothed. Flower-scapes to 25 cm long, exceeding leaves, bracteoles usually below the middle, rarely above. Sepals lanceolate, 3.5–5.5 mm long, acute, basal appendages small; petals 8–13 mm long, 2-coloured, mauve-violet near base and white near apex (rarely the apical part pale violet) with sharp demarcation between colours; anterior (lower) petal ovate to broad ovate, mostly 5–9 mm wide, broadest in the basal half, usually emarginate, the middle 3 longitudinal veins prominent and parallel, not spurred; lateral petals twisted through 180 degrees, densely bearded in the basal half. Capsule ovoid, 7–9 mm long; seeds 1.6–2.6 mm long, glossy purplish-black.. Flowers mostly Dec.–Mar.

CVU, EGL, EGU, GipP, GGr, HFE, HNF, HSF, MonT, OtP, Strz, VAlp, VVP. Mostly moist montane to subalpine forests from near Kinglake east, sometimes extending to alpine bogs, but also toward sea level in gullies and wetter forests in the far east. In the Grampians mostly associated with streams where sometimes in more exposed sites (e.g. Mt William, Zumsteins).

Grampians plants may be semi-scandent and have alternate rather than tufted leaves. It is not clear if this is merely a consequence of habitat or if these plants represent a distinct entity possibly warranting formal recognition.

Created by: Neville Walsh, 2015-04-17
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Malpighiales
family Violaceae
genus Viola
Higher taxa

Victoria

Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Viola eminens in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Viola eminens in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Highlands-Far East present native
Victorian Alps present native

State distribution

Distribution map
State
South Australia
New South Wales
Victoria