Rubus ulmifolius var. ulmifolius

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Scrambling or procumbent semi-deciduous shrub; stems sometimes arching, 1–2 m long, angular, often sulcate, pruinose, purplish, glabrous to glabrescent, developing a white scaly covering with age, or densely greyish-tomentose; prickles more or less equal, straight or falcate, mainly on the angles, to c. 12 mm long. Leaves 3- or 5-foliate; leaflets elliptic, obovate or oblanceolate, mostly 3–8 cm long, 1–4 cm wide, base cuneate to cordate, margins sharply toothed, upper surface green, glabrescent, lower surface white-tomentose, pilose hairs sparse or absent; stipules linear, pilose. Flowers in terminal, narrowly cylindrical racemes; axis and peduncles tomentose and sparsely pilose, eglandular. Sepals white-tomentose, usually unarmed, reflexed in  fruit; petals ovate to suborbicular, crumpled, pink or white; stamens more or less equal to styles. Fruiting head more or less globose, c. 15 mm diam.; fruit glabrescent, black, not falling from receptacle when ripe. Flowers summer.

*CVU, *EGU, *GipP, *Gold, *HNF, *HSF, *MuF, *Strz, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *Wim. Also naturalised in WA, SA, NSW. Widespread in continental Europe, extending to north-west Africa. Known from scattered occurrences in Victoria. Usually found in moist riparian or other mesic environments.

Rubus ulmifolius has been re-circumscribed since the previous Flora of Victoria account (see Monasterio-Huelin & Weber 1996; Evans et al. 2007). This species now includes plants with sparse pilose hairs on leaf undersurfaces. Such plants were previously treated as hybrids involving Rubus ulmifolius. In Europe this species is known to hybridise with other related taxa, and it has been assumed that many of the unusual forms in Australia are hybrids involving this species (Evans et al. 2007). However, most of these suspected hybrids in Australia are now included within the range of variation of R. ulmifolius, Rubus anglocandicans or Rubus leucostachys

Created by: Andre Messina, 2016-02-03
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2017-12-13

Evans, J.K.; Symon, D.E.; Whalen, M.A.; Hosking, J.R.; Barker, R.M. & Oliver, J.A. (2007). Systematics of the Rubus fruticosus aggregate (Rosaceae) and oher exotic Rubus taxa in Australia, Australian Systematic Botany 20: 187-251.

Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Rosales
family Rosaceae
genus Rubus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Rubus ulmifolius var. ulmifolius in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Rubus ulmifolius var. ulmifolius in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory