Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Perennials, often shrubby or tree-like; roots fibrous, rarely tuberous. Leaves rosetted or distichous, linear to ovate-lanceolate, succulent, glabrous to spiny, margins serrate-dentate, usually spiny. Inflorescence axillary, racemose, spicate or capitate, usually many-flowered, branched or unbranched. Flowers bisexual, subtended by bracts, slightly zygomorphic, usually pedicellate; perianth segments in two series, free or united, swollen above the ovary; stamens 6, usually exserted; style filiform, exceeding anthers, stigma usually capitate. Fruit a loculicidal capsule; seeds triquetrous to flattened, sometimes winged.

About 340 species in Africa, Madagascar and Arabia, widely cultivated as ornamentals; 7 naturalised in Australia, 2 naturalised in Victoria.

Created by: Andre Messina, 2014-11-18
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Asphodelaceae
Higher taxa
genus Aloe
Subordinate taxa