Ammophila arenaria (L.) Link

Marram Grass

Hort. Berol. 1: 105 (1827) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Culms erect, to 120 cm high. Leaves produced in tufts along rhizomes, often forming dense swards; blade tough, tightly inrolled, to 70 cm long and 2.5 mm diam. (to 6 mm wide when flattened out), smooth and glabrous on the outer surface, prominently ridged and densely short-pubescent within; sheath smooth and glabrous; ligule firm, narrow, acute or deeply bifid, 1–3 cm long. Inflorescence dense, cylindric, occasionally interrupted toward base, 8–25 cm long and 1–3 cm wide; glumes narrow, acute, 12–14 mm long, weakly keeled; lemma lanceolate, shorter than glumes by 1–4 mm, awn c. 0.5 mm long, inserted c. 1 mm below apex, callus hairs silky, 2–3 mm long; palea narrower and slightly shorter than lemma. Flowers Sep.–Feb.

*Brid, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *OtP, *OtR, *VVP, *WaP, *WPro. Naturalised in all States except NT, Qld, also North America, southern Africa, New Zealand. Native to western European coasts. Widely planted as a dune stabilizer, but now naturalised on sandy beachfronts almost throughout the Victorian coastline, and often replacing native Spinifex sericeus.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-04-03
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Ammophila
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Ammophila arenaria in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Ammophila arenaria in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Bridgewater present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Wilsons Promontory present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales