Cylindropuntia spinosior (Engelm.) F.M.Knuth

Cane Cholla

Kaktus-ABC 126 (1935) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Sparingly established

Erect spreading shrub to 1–2 m high, 1–3 m across, much-branched above the cylindric (to c. 15cm diam.), woody trunk. Terminal cladodes cylindric, tuberculate, 10–16(–25) cm long, (1–)1.5–3 cm diam., glabrous, green to slightly grey-green; tubercles prominent, 0.8–1.6 cm long, 3–5 mm wide, 2–5 mm high; areoles 0.5–0.9 cm apart, apical on tubercles, filled with short dense cream to pale yellowish brownish wool and small white or pale tan glochids; spines 6–24 per areole (more numerous on older branches), spreading, (0.4–)0.8–1.5 cm long, 0.2–0.5 mm wide near base, white to pale grey, each covered by a papery, white sheath. Flowers 4–5 cm diam.; sepaloids greenish with reddish purple margins; petaloids spreading, magenta to reddish purple; staminal filaments magenta, anthers pale yellow; style pale magenta, stigma pale yellow to white; hypanthium tuberculate. Fruit obovoid, deeply depressed at apex, 2.5–4 cm long, 2–2.5 cm diam., strongly tuberculate, with few deciduous spines, bright yellow, succulent, solitary, not proliferating. Flowers late spring–summer.

*MuM. Also naturalised in SA, Qld., NSW. Native to south-western United States of America (Arizona and New Mexico), and Mexico. In Victoria known from a single collection (2007)  from a roadside opposite C.S.I.R.O Merbein South Office.

Created by: Val Stajsic, 2017-07-24
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2017-07-25
 
References

Anderson, E.F. (2001). The Cactus Family, Timber Press.

Benson, L. (1982). The cacti of the United States and Canada, Stanford University Press.

Chinnock, R.J. (2015). Feral opuntioid cacti in Australia: Part 1. Cylindrical-stemmed genera: Austrocylindropuntia, Cylindropintia and Corynopuntia, State Herbarium of South Australia.

Distribution map

Victoria

Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Cylindropuntia spinosior in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Cylindropuntia spinosior in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
State
South Australia
Queensland
New South Wales
Victoria