Spyridium eriocephalum var. eriocephalum

Heath Spyridium

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Erect to spreading shrub, to 50(–180) cm high; branchlets shortly appressed-villous. Leaves all similar, shortly petiolate, linear, 5–14 mm long, 0.5–1 mm wide, semi-terete, grooved below, apex abruptly tapered into a short, slightly recurved point, upper surface glabrous, often minutely scabrous, sometimes viscid, lower surface hidden by revolute margins; stipules brown, 2–3.5 mm long, ciliate in 2 lines, rarely glabrous, often viscid, united for most of their length. Flowers in terminal, shortly pedunculate hemispherical heads 0.5–1 cm diam., heads subtended by 1–3 leaves and several broad brown papery (sometimes viscid) bracts; perianth 2–3 mm long, white or cream, externally white-woolly; sepals c. 1 mm, subequal to free part of hypanthium; style 1–1.5 mm long, entire. Fruit c. 2 mm long. Flowers mostly Aug.–Nov.

CVU, Gold, GGr, HSF, LoM, MuF, MuM, VRiv, VVP, Wim. Moderately common through the Mallee regions, usually on sandy flats or dune swales, with disjunct occurrences on shallow, rocky ground in the Inglewood-Wedderburn area, Long Forest near Bacchus Marsh, and verges of the Moroka River north of Maffra.

Plants from non-mallee locations tend to be taller, have longer leaves and stipules, and are more viscid than mallee plants. Their taxonomic status warrants investigation. Possible hybrids between S. eriocephalum and S. subochreatum have been collected from the western part of the Big Desert. Var. glabrisepalum J.M.Black differs from var. eriocephalum in the flowers having glabrous, viscid sepals. It is endemic on Kangaroo Island in South Australia.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1999). Spyridium. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2014-09-03
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Rosales
family Rhamnaceae
genus Spyridium
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Spyridium eriocephalum var. eriocephalum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Spyridium eriocephalum var. eriocephalum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Fans present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia