Hydrocotyle verticillata Thunb.

Shield Pennywort

Hydrocotyle 2 5 (1798) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Perennial, glabrous, sometimes aquatic herb with rhizomes and robust, creeping stems that root at nodes. Leaves occurring singly, or in 2s or 3s from nodes along stems; lamina peltate, c. circular in outline, 2–5 cm across, margin crenate; petiole to 26(–43) cm long; stipules absent. Umbels simple or a once- or twice-interrupted spike or compound umbel with 2–7 whorls, flowers 2–5 per umbel or whorl, more or less sessile, with a minute bract subtending each; peduncle to 10 cm long, shorter than or as long as petiole. Petals creamy yellow. Fruits transversely broad-ellipsoid, c. 2 mm long, 2.5–3 mm wide; mericarp dorsal and intermediate ribs filiform, lateral ones inconspicuous. Flowers spring and summer

EGL, EGU, GipP, HNF, HSF, NIS, VRiv, VVP, WaP, WPro. Also SA, Qld, NSW. Scattered and uncommon in southern Victoria, but sometimes locally abundant in freshwater swamps, ponds, and along creeks and streams. Recorded in clear water at several metres depth.

Source: Duretto, M.F. (1999). Apiaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-07-10
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Apiales
family Araliaceae
genus Hydrocotyle
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Hydrocotyle verticillata in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Hydrocotyle verticillata in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales