Phyla

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Perennial herbs; stems trailing or ascending, often rooting at nodes, densely covered with appressed medifixed hairs. Leaves undivided, usually serrate-dentate, often fleshy. Inflorescence spicate, axillary, pedunculate, usually at first capitate, later cylindric, densely many-flowered. Flowers sessile, each in the axil of a single bract; calyx membranous, ovoid-campanulate or compressed; corolla cylindric, 2-lipped and 4-partite, lobes spreading, rounded or emarginate; stamens in 2 unequal pairs, included near the middle of the corolla-tube or scarcely exserted; ovary 2-locular, 1 ovule per locule. Fruit small, dry, enclosed by the calyx, ellipsoid, compressed, breaking into 2 mericarps.

10 species in tropical and subtropical America, and 1 or 2 species in warmer parts of Eurasia; 1 species naturalised in Australia.

Source: Conn, B.J. (1999). Verbenaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Lamiales
family Verbenaceae
Higher taxa
genus Phyla
Subordinate taxa