Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Perennial herbs; stems trailing or ascending, often rooting at nodes, densely covered with appressed medifixed hairs. Leaves undivided, usually serrate-dentate, often fleshy. Inflorescence spicate, axillary, pedunculate, usually at first capitate, later cylindric, densely many-flowered. Flowers sessile, each in the axil of a single bract; calyx membranous, ovoid-campanulate or compressed; corolla cylindric, 2-lipped and 4-partite, lobes spreading, rounded or emarginate; stamens in 2 unequal pairs, included near the middle of the corolla-tube or scarcely exserted; ovary 2-locular, 1 ovule per locule. Fruit small, dry, enclosed by the calyx, ellipsoid, compressed, breaking into 2 mericarps.

10 species in tropical and subtropical America, and 1 or 2 species in warmer parts of Eurasia; 1 species naturalised in Australia.

Source: Conn, B.J. (1999). Verbenaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Lamiales
family Verbenaceae
Higher taxa
genus Phyla
Subordinate taxa