Dipsacus fullonum L.


Sp. Pl. 1: 97 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Erect herb to c. 2 m high. Leaves basal and cauline, lanceolate or oblong, to 40 cm long and 9 cm wide, apex acute, bases more or less fused, margins entire or toothed, glabrous, with prickles mainly on lower midrib. Heads terminal, globose in flower, ovoid in fruit, 2–8 cm long, 2–4 cm diam. Involucral bracts linear, 3–12 cm long, unequal, mostly longer than head, rigid and curved upwards; receptacle bracts acute to acuminate, longer than or about the same length as flowers, with a straight or recurved and flexible or rigid apical spine; corolla 10–15 mm long, usually purplish, sometimes white or pale lilac, corolla-lobes c. 1 mm long. Cypselas narrow obcuneate, 2–3 mm long. Flowers mainly summer.

*GipP, *OtR, *Strz, *VVP. Native to Europe and western Asia. An occasional weed of pastures, roadsides, streamsides and other disturbed sites.

The dried heads were formerly used for ‘fulling’ (producing a nap on woollen cloth). It may occasionally still be cultivated.

Created by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2016-02-19
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Dipsacales
family Dipsacaceae
genus Dipsacus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Dipsacus fullonum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Dipsacus fullonum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
New South Wales