Bryophyllum delagoense (Eckl. & Zeyr.) Schinz


Mem. Herb. Boissier 10: 38 (1900) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Herb to c. 1.5 m tall; stems ± erect, cylindrical, glabrous, mottled violet-brown, sometimes suckering from the base. Leaves opposite or in whorls of 3, linear, 2.5–15 cm long, ± cylindric, grooved towards apex, reddish-green to grey-green with violet-brown spots; margins notched towards apex where plantlets develop; petiole not distinguished from lamina. Flowers pendulous, in dense corymbose cymes; calyx 8–16 mm long, connate into a tube for less than half its length; corolla 20–40 mm long, lobes obovate, c. one third the length of tube, reddish-orange, pink or scarlet. Flowers winter–spring.

*EGL. Also naturalised WA, SA, Qld, NSW. Native to South Africa and Madagascar.

Cultivated as an ornamental in Australia, naturalised throughout the east coast of Australia where it is a declared noxious weed, known in Victoria from a single population near Lakes Entrance

Plants of this species and its hybrid, Bryophyllum ×houghtonii are known to be highly invasive, reproducing vegetatively from plantlets produced on leaf margins, and forming dense stands (giving the name mother of millions). Individual plants are relatively short-lived, dying soon after flowering.

Sometimes grown in horticulture under the names Kalanchoe delagoensis Ecklon & Zeyher, Bryophyllum tubiflorum Harv., and Kalanchoe tubiflora (Harv.) Raym.-Hamet.

Created by: Andre Messina, 2015-11-09
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-03-12
Distribution map


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Bryophyllum delagoense in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Bryophyllum delagoense in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales