Stackhousia monogyna Labill.

Creamy Candles

Nov. Holl. Pl. 1: 77, t. 104 (1804) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Glabrous (rarely hispid) perennial to 60 cm high, with 1–many, erect or ascending, often branched, stems arising from taproot. Leaves linear to narrowly obovate, 10–30(–50) mm long, 1–3(–8) mm wide, obtuse, acute or shortly mucronate at apex, not fleshy. Inflorescence a moderately dense to dense cylindric spike, sometimes branched; flowers solitary at nodes, each subtended by a bract and 2 bracteoles (bracteoles hyaline, often vestigial), bract usually arcuate, often curved downwards near base, but without a prominent saccate base, acute to acuminate, equal to nearly twice as long as calyx. Hypanthium 0.5–1 mm long; sepals 1–1.5 mm long; corolla cream or white, tube 4–7 mm long, lobes 2.5–4.5 mm long; gynoecium 3-partite. Mericarps usually 3, broad-obovoid to broad-ellipsoid, 2–2.5 mm long, acutely reticulate, the basal cavity shallow. Flowers Sep.–Feb.

Brid, CVU, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, LoM, MonT, MuF, MuM, NIS, OtP, OtR, SnM, Strz, VAlp, VVP, WaP, WPro, Wim. Also SA, NSW, Tas. Widespread and common in open-forest, woodland and heathland from near sea-level to c. 1700 m on the Bogong High Plains.

Normally glabrous, but a specimen from Rotamah Island (Gippsland Lakes) at MEL is distinctive in having leaves and stems shortly hispid.

Source: Barker, W.R. (1999). Stackhousiaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Celastrales
family Celastraceae
genus Stackhousia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Stackhousia monogyna in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Stackhousia monogyna in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Bridgewater present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory