Linaria vulgaris Mill.

Common Toad-flax

Gard. Dict. no., edn 8, 1 (1768) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Erect perennial 2–60 cm high, much-branched, glabrous. Leaves alternate, linear or narrow-elliptic to -oblanceolate, 2–6 cm long, 1–4 mm wide. Inflorescence many-flowered; bracts 5–10 mm long; pedicels 2–5 mm long. Sepals 2–3 mm long; corolla 9–12 mm long, yellow, spur backwards-directed from tube, 6–12 mm long; upper lip with lobes pointed outwards, lower lip with pilose palate closing mouth, shorter than upper lip, lobes recurved. Capsule c. ovoid, 5–11 mm long; seeds with tuberculate marginal wing. Flowers spring–autumn.

*EGL, *MuM, *Strz, *WaP. Also naturalised NSW. Native to Europe. Scattered across Victoria near urban areas, but few documented records in recent years.

Source: Barker, W.R. (1999). Scrophulariaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2017-06-14
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Lamiales
genus Linaria
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Linaria vulgaris in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Linaria vulgaris in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales