Epilobium hirsutum L.

Sp. Pl. 1: 347 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Erect perennial rhizomatous herb 0.25–2.5 m high, much branched in upper half; stems exfoliating and often woody near base, covered with dense, long spreading hairs and sometimes also with short glandular hairs. Leaves mostly opposite, lanceolate-elliptic to narrowly obovate or narrowly elliptic, 4–12(–23) cm long, 3–40 mm wide, villous, sessile, margins with dense small teeth, base tapering to cordate. Flowers with a conspicuous ring of long white hairs inside the hypanthium; sepals oblong-linear, 6–12 mm long; petals bright pink to dark purple, 9–20 mm long. Capsule 2.5–9 cm long, densely villous, with a mixture of long spreading hairs and short glandular hairs; pedicle 0.5–2 cm long; seeds 0.8–1.2 mm long, papillose, comose.   Flowers Jan.–Mar.

*CVU, *GipP, *HSF, *OtP, *OtR, *VVP. Widespread throughout Asia, Europe and northern Africa, apparently only recently introduced to Victoria where it is now recorded as a weed at a range of sites, commonly growing at margins of wetlands and other damp situations.   .

Created by: Andre Messina, 2016-06-07
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Myrtales
family Onagraceae
genus Epilobium
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Epilobium hirsutum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Epilobium hirsutum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Australian Capital Territory