Elytrigia repens (L.) Nevski

English Couch

Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSR, ser. 1 Fl. Sist. Vysš. Rast. , 1: 14 (1933)

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Rhizomatous perennial, the rhizomes often forming a deep tangled layer. Culms decumbent to erect, to 1 m high. Leaves smooth to slightly scabrous; blades flat or somewhat channelled, 10–20 cm long, 3–10 mm wide, lightly hairy on upper surface (in Victorian specimens); ligule truncate, glabrous, c. 0.5 mm long; auricles falcate, to c. 2 mm long or more, partially to entirely encircling stem. Inflorescence a distichous spike 5–15 cm long, usually with 12–25 spikelets. Spikelets usually 5–7-flowered, 8–17 mm long; glumes subequal, lanceolate, 7–15 mm long, usually shortly awned, 5–7-nerved, entirely smooth or scabrous toward the upper part of the midrib; lemma resembling glumes but less prominently nerved; palea slightly shorter than body of lemma. Flowers Oct.–Mar.

*CVU, *EGL, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *HSF, *MuF, *NIS, *OtP, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP. Also naturalised in WA, SA, NSW, ACT, Tas. Indigenous to north Africa, Europe and temperate Asia. An occasional weed of coastal or estuarine sands and silts or other usually damp to seasonally inundated sites, often somewhat saline and/or on basaltic clay substrates (e.g. Portland, Port Fairy, Lake Bolac, Lake Connewarre, Merri Creek north of Melbourne, Western Port).

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2017-06-28
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Elytrigia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Elytrigia repens in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Elytrigia repens in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present introduced
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory