Thelymitra juncifolia Lindl.

Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. 552 (1840) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: data deficient (k)

Flowering stem erect, straight, 15–30 cm tall, 2–3 mm diam., mostly straw-coloured to green, reddish basally. Leaf filiform to linear-lanceolate, 10–20 cm long, 5–10 mm wide, canaliculate, dark green, often reddish at base. Inflorescence 1–5-flowered, loose. Sterile bracts 2 or 3. Perianth segments ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 10–13 mm long, pale blue or mauve, usually with large darker spots on dorsal sepal and petals. Column 4–6 mm long, white or blue, often with a dark brown, reddish or dark purple subterminal band; mid-lobe not hooded, central part truncate, with a central patch of crowded fingerlike vertical calli, yellow, orange or brownish, often bordered from inside (near anther) with a vertical plate-like crest, sometimes taller than calli; accessory-lobes incurved over anther, columnar, protruding beyond the mid-lobe, oblique or flat-topped, yellow to orange, crest smooth to denticulate; lateral lobes 1–2 mm long, extending horizontally or oblique, flattish, ending in a mop-like white or mauve hair-tuft. Anther protruding below or between column-arms, shortly beaked. Flowers Oct.–Dec.

CVU, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, LoM, MonT, MuF, NIS, OtP, OtR, SnM, VAlp, VVP, WaP, WPro, Wim. Also SA, NSW, ACT, Tas. Found in many habitats including open forest, heathland, heathy forest, woodland and coastal scrub in a range of well-drained to moisture-retentive soils.

Distinguished from Thelymitra ixioides by the generally smaller, more tardily opening, mostly self-pollinated flowers (insect-pollinated variants occur).

Created by: Jeff Jeanes, 2014-09-09
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-02-16
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Orchidaceae
genus Thelymitra
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Thelymitra juncifolia in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Thelymitra juncifolia in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory