Pelargonium ×hortorum L.H.Bailey

Stand. Cycl. Hort. 5: 2531 (1916) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Sparingly established

Aromatic subshrub to c. 1 m high; stems almost succulent when young, densely clothed in short, soft hairs, sessile glands abundant. Leaves opposite or branch-opposed; lamina orbicular to reinform with cordate base, 3–7.5 cm long, 4–10 cm diam., velvety, often with a dark ring around the middle above; margin crenate; petiole 3–9 cm long. Umbels 10–50-flowered; peduncle to c. 30 cm long; pedicels to 8 mm long; sepals narrow- or oblong-elliptic, 4–10 mm long, obtuse, acute or apiculate, villous; sepal spur 5–35 mm long; petals broad-obovate, 10–15 mm long, usually red, sometimes white or pink. Fertile stamens 7. Mericarps more or less hispid.

*GipP, *HSF, *OtR, *VVP. Of cultivated origin. A garden escape naturalised on coastal dunes on Phillip Island near Cowes and roadsides in metropolitan Melbourne.

The South African species Pelargonium inquinans and Pelargonium zonale are likely parents of this hybrid (James et al. 2004).

Created by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2016-07-28
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-12-20
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Geraniales
family Geraniaceae
genus Pelargonium
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Pelargonium ×hortorum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Pelargonium ×hortorum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present introduced
Gippsland Plain present introduced
Highlands-Southern Fall present introduced
Otway Ranges present introduced