Salpichroa origanifolia (Lam.) Thell.

Pampas Lily-of-the-Valley

Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Math. Cherbourg 38: 452 (1912) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Scrambling rhizomatous herb with stout rootstock, sparsely to densely pubescent; stems to several metres long, older ones quadrangular. Leaves often 2 per node, unequal, ovate or ovate-rhombic, mostly 1–1.5 cm long, 5–13 mm wide, apex obtuse or rounded, base attenuate, margins entire, both surfaces sparsely to densely pubescent; petiole 0.5–3 cm long. Flowers pendulous on pedicels mostly 7–10 mm long; calyx campanulate, 2–4 mm long, lobes narrow-triangular, 1–2.5 mm long; corolla urn-shaped, 6–8 mm long, white or cream, lobes triangular, 1.5–2 mm long; disc annular, fleshy; anthers c. 2 mm long. Berry conical, 13–18 mm long, 7–8 mm wide, obtuse, white or pale yellow, translucent; seeds 1.5–2 mm diam., narrowly winged, pale yellow. Flowers mostly spring–autumn.

*CVU, *DunT, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HSF, *MuM, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *Wim. Also naturalised WA, SA, Qld, NSW, ACT, Tas. Apparently native to temperate South America; widely naturalized. A widespread plant found mostly in urban wasteland; declared a noxious weed in Victoria and difficult to eradicate due to the extensive root system.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Solanaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2017-02-01
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Solanales
family Solanaceae
genus Salpichroa
Higher taxa

Victoria

Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Salpichroa origanifolia in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Salpichroa origanifolia in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present introduced
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present cultivated

State distribution

Distribution map
State
Western Australia
South Australia
Queensland
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory
Victoria
Tasmania