Alisma plantago-aquatica L.

Water Plantain

Sp. Pl. 342 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Petiole up to 80 cm long; lamina ovate to oblong-elliptic or narrowly oblong-elliptic, (5–)10–28 cm long, (3–)5.5–10(–13) cm wide (length to width ratio 1.6–2.6(–3)); base rounded to cordate; apex obtuse to acute. Inner perianth lobes with apex rounded-truncate; anthers 0.8–1 mm long, 0.3–0.4 mm wide; style (0.6-)0.8–1.2 mm long; stigma c. 0.1 mm long. Flowers Nov.–Mar.

CVU, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, HNF, HSF, MuF, NIS, OtP, VRiv, VVP, WaP, Wim. Also NSW, widespread in Europe, western Asia, northern and central Africa. Introduced into New Zealand. Common near creeks, lakes and swamps. Also persists in drying mud above the receding water-line. The leaves and fruits are eaten by animals (Sainty & Jacobs 1981).

Previously, often incorrectly referred to as A. plantago (e.g. Ewart 1931).

Source: Conn, B.J. (1994). Alismataceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Alismatales
family Alismataceae
genus Alisma
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Alisma plantago-aquatica in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Alisma plantago-aquatica in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory