Bursaria spinosa Cav.


Icon. 4: 30 (1797) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Low shrub or tree up to c. 8 m high; branches variously spinescent, spines c. 1 cm long, young stems sometimes pubescent. Leaves alternate, those subtending spines often clustered, linear, narrowly ovate, elliptic, or broadly obovate, (4–)20–43 mm long, 2–10 mm wide; both surfaces glabrous or the upper surface glabrescent and densely pubescent below; margins entire or shallowly toothed; apex obtuse, rounded or emarginate. Inflorescence a slender to pyramidal panicle usually c. 3–12 cm long, up to 8 cm long and wide; flowers white or cream; sepals ovate or triangular, 0.5–2 mm long, caducous; petals oblong to narrowly obovate, c. 3–8 mm long; stamens subequal to petals; ovary plus style shortly exceeded by stamens. Capsule obovate to broadly obovate or obcordate, 4–8 mm long, 5–10 mm wide, brown, glabrous; seeds reniform, brown, flat, c. 3–4 mm long.

Brid, CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HFE, HNF, HSF, LoM, MonT, MuF, MuM, NIS, OtP, OtR, RobP, SnM, Strz, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WaP, WPro, Wim.

2 subspecies, hairy-leaved plants were previously recognised as a distinct species.

Source: Walsh, N.G.; Albrecht, D.E. (1996). Pittosporaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2021-02-08
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Distribution map


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Bursaria spinosa in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Bursaria spinosa in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Bridgewater present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Robinvale Plains present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Highlands-Far East present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory