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Flora of Victoria

Conospermum taxifolium Sm.

Variable Smoke-bush

in Rees, Cycl. 9: Conospermum no. 3 (1808) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: vulnerable (v)

Erect shrub to c. 1 m high; branches hoary-tomentose, glabrescent. Leaves crowded, erect or spreading, linear, narrowly elliptic to narrowly oblanceolate, 5–30 mm long, mostly 1.5–3 mm wide, often twisted, green, both surfaces usually glabrous; apex acute, aristate. Inflorescence a terminal or upper-axillary corymbose panicle, mostly 1–3 cm across; common peduncles ascending, mostly 1–3 cm long, not significantly longer than branches of inflorescence; flowers arranged in short, dense, pedunculate spikes, each flower sessile, subtended by a blue-grey, persistent bract c. 3 mm long; perianth tubular at base, splitting c. two-thirds of the way up; tepals 6–7 mm long, white or cream, moderately hairy; ovary comose at apex, also ringed by basal hairs. Nut 2–3 mm long, hairy. Flowers Aug.–Nov.

EGL, EGU. Also Qld, NSW, ACT (Jervis Bay), Tas. Rare in Victoria where confined to grass-tree plains of far East Gippsland in the vicinity of Mallacoota Inlet. .

Johnson & McGillivray (1975) recognize a number of informal forms of this highly polymorphic species. Victorian populations are referable to the 'common form' which is characterized by rather short, narrow, almost linear, smooth, glabrous leaves.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1996). Proteaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Proteanae
order Proteales
family Proteaceae
genus Conospermum
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Conospermum taxifolium in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Conospermum taxifolium in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native

State distribution

Distribution map
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory