Viola arvensis Murray

Field Pansy

Prodr. Stirp. Gott. 73 (1770) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Annual or biennial herb; stems decumbent to ascending, angular, sparsely pubescent. Leaves at nodes along stem; lamina ovate to elliptic, 10–35 mm long, 5–15 mm wide, base tapered, apex obtuse, margins obtusely toothed to scalloped; petiole 5–20 mm long; stipules mostly 2–4 cm long, pinnately lobed, the mid-lobe leaflike. Flower-scapes 3–8 cm long; bracteoles on upper part of scape. Sepals lanceolate, 6–10 mm long, ciliate, acute to acuminate, basal appendages prominent; petals 5–10 mm long, creamy-white with yellow to orange base, sometimes partly violet, lower (anterior) petal shortly spurred, broadly cuneate; anthers ciliate. Capsule 3-angled, 5–9 mm long. Seed ovoid, c. 1.5 mm long, golden-brown. Flowers Oct.–Mar.

*EGU, *HNF, *HSF, *SnM, *VAlp. Also naturalised NSW, ACT, Tas. Native to Europe, northern Africa and western Asia. A weed of mostly high altitude grasslands (e.g. Dargo High Plain, Mt Buller) where distributed by cattle, possibly also naturalised elsewhere.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1996). Viola. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-01-14
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Malpighiales
family Violaceae
genus Viola
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Viola arvensis in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Viola arvensis in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
East Gippsland Uplands present introduced
Highlands-Southern Fall present introduced
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Victorian Alps present naturalised
Snowy Mountains present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory