Codonocarpus cotinifolius (Desf.) F.Muell.

Bell-fruit Tree

Pl. Victoria 1: 200 (1862) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Tall shrub or pyramidal tree to 10 m, monoecious or dioecious, usually glaucous; bark smooth, pale grey-pink. Leaves narrowly lanceolate, obovate, elliptic or more or less circular (broader on young plants or juvenile growth), lamina 25–45 mm long, 5–40 mm wide, tapering to petiole of 5–15 mm long, apex obtuse or acute, sometimes abruptly acuminate; stipules minute. Male flowers in axillary racemes of up to 15; pedicels 1–2 mm long; calyx c. 1 mm long, very shortly and obtusely lobed; stamens 14–23. Female flowers in axillary racemes or terminal panicles; pedicels mostly 8–20 mm long; calyx c. 2 mm long, entire or shortly lobed; carpels 30–36; stigmas c. 0.5 mm long, finely rugose. Fruiting carpels usually 7–12 mm long; seeds obovate, c. 3.5 mm long, finely rugose. Flowers mostly autumn.

LoM, MuF, MuM, RobP. All mainland states. Grows on dunes in mallee scrub of north-west Victoria. .

Common after fires.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1996). Gyrostemonaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Brassicales
genus Codonocarpus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Codonocarpus cotinifolius in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Codonocarpus cotinifolius in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Robinvale Plains present native
Murray Fans present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales