Ophioglossum polyphyllum A.Braun

in Seubert, Fl. Azor. 17 (1844) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: vulnerable (v)

Plants up to 15 cm tall, with 1–4 fronds, solitary. Rhizome erect, elongate, cone-shaped; roots numerous, wiry, usually pointing downwards, without buds. Stipe fleshy, pale; base persistent, turning dark brown. Lamina 2–6 cm long, fleshy, lanceolate to broadly elliptic; veins indistinct, numerous, primary and secondary areoles present with free vein endings. Spike 15–25 mm long, on stalk up to 7 cm long, growing from just above base of sterile lamina; 12–22 pairs of sporangia per spike.

LoM, MuM, MSB, RobP. All mainland States. Africa, Saudi Arabia, India. Restricted to north-western Victoria, where localized near Mildura, Hattah Lakes and in southern part of Wyperfeld National Park. However, this small apparent distribution may be a reflection of the cryptic nature of the species (cf. the colony-forming habit of other members of the genus).

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Ferns and allied plants (Psilophyta, Lycopodiophyta, Polypodiophyta). In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
class Psilotopsida
genus Ophioglossum
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Ophioglossum polyphyllum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Ophioglossum polyphyllum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Murray Scroll Belt present native
Robinvale Plains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales