Pyrus communis L.

Common Pear

Sp. Pl. 1: 479 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Sparingly established

Tree to c. 15 m high, rarely to c. 30 m; branchlets glabrous or glabrescent, young plants sometimes with spines. Leaves ovate, elliptic or suborbicular, 2–5(–7) cm long, 1.5–2.5 cm wide, base broadly cuneate to rounded, apex acute or shortly acuminate, margins serrate, sometimes entire, becoming glabrous above, pubescent or more or less glabrous below except for scattered hairs on veins; petiole slender, 1.5–5 cm long; stipules caducous. Inflorescence a 6–9-flowered umbel-like raceme. Sepals pubescent, persistent in fruit; petals obovate, 1.3–1.5 cm long, white; stamens c. 20, anthers pink, styles 5, free. Pome pyriform to subglobose, c. 1.5–10 cm diam., glabrous, green or yellow, sometimes reddish.    Flowers spring.  

*CVU, *DunT, *GipP, *Gold, *HSF, *NIS, *VVP. Also naturalised WA, SA. Native to Europe and Asia.

Thousands of different cultivars have been grown for the edible fruit. Occasionally escaping orchards in Victoria with populations establishing in nearby bushland.

Created by: Andre Messina, 2015-12-11
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-03-15
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Rosales
family Rosaceae
genus Pyrus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Pyrus communis in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Pyrus communis in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present introduced
Gippsland Plain present introduced
Goldfields present introduced
Central Victorian Uplands present introduced
Dundas Tablelands present introduced
Northern Inland Slopes present introduced
Highlands-Southern Fall present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales