Asphodelus fistulosus L.

Onion Weed

Sp. Pl. 309 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Tufted annuals or biennials to c. 70 cm high. Roots fibrous, bright yellow. Leaves erect, linear, terete or plano-convex in section, hollow, 5–40 cm long, 1.5–4 mm wide, minutely scabrous along margins, often somewhat glaucous. Inflorescence erect, paniculate; flowers each solitary in axil of a small papery bract, pedicel exceeding bract; perianth segments shortly fused at base, 7–12 mm long, pale pink with a reddish-brown central streak; stamens shorter than the perianth segments; filaments narrowed below the centre but then broadening and hairy around the ovary, narrowing abruptly immediately below the anther. Capsule globose c. 4–7 mm long; seeds 1 or 2 per locule, c. triangular 2–3 mm long, transversely wrinkled. Flowers Aug.–Oct.

*CVU, *GipP, *Gold, *HSF, *LoM, *MuF, *MuM, *MSB, *NIS, *OtP, *RobP, *VRiv, *VVP, *Wim. Naturalised in all States, widely introduced in temperate countries. Native to southern Europe, western Asia and northern India. Occurs on sandy soils, principally in cereal growing areas of the west and north-west where commonly infesting large areas to the exclusion of other vegetation. It is a declared noxious weed in Victoria, Tas. and SA.

Source: Conran, J.G. (1994). Liliaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-09-25
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Asphodelaceae
genus Asphodelus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Asphodelus fistulosus in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Asphodelus fistulosus in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present naturalised
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Scroll Belt present naturalised
Robinvale Plains present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales