Lycium australe F.Muell.

Australian Box-thorn

Fragm. 1: 83 (1859)

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Intricately branched shrub to 2.5 m high, more or less glabrous; main branches rigid, lateral branches leafy, often ending in a stout spine. Leaves usually clustered, narrow-obovate to elliptic, mostly 3–25 mm long, 1.5–5 mm wide, apex obtuse or rounded, base attenuate into a short petiole, margins entire, thick and fleshy, grey-green. Flowers solitary in axils; pedicels mostly 2–5 mm long; calyx tubular to campanulate, 1.5–5 mm long, lobes triangular, 1–2 mm long; fruiting calyx not deeply split; corolla 8–12 mm long, creamy-white to pale lilac, often with darker markings, lobes suborbicular; stamens 4 or 5, included or scarcely exserted, anthers 1–1.5 mm long; pistil 5–8 mm long. Berry ovoid to ellipsoid, 4–8 mm long, orange-red; seeds 5–20, 1.5–2 mm long, dull yellow. Flowers mainly spring and early summer.

LoM, MuF, MuM, MSB, RobP, VRiv, Wim. Also WA, SA, NSW. In Victoria, confined to the north-west where occurring in saline soils around the edges of salt lakes and claypans.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Solanaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-10-03
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Solanales
family Solanaceae
genus Lycium
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Lycium australe in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Lycium australe in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Scroll Belt present native
Robinvale Plains present native
Murray Fans present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales