Cynoglossum australe R.Br.

Australian Hound's-tongue

Prodr. 495 (1810) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Herb mostly to c. 75 cm (rarely to 1.2 m) high. Basal leaves lanceolate to oblanceolate, 6–20 cm long, 10–35 mm wide; petiole 2–10 cm long; stem leaves lanceolate, decreasing in size towards inflorescence, apex acute, base cuneate, margins usually flat, sessile. Bracts absent or rarely subtending lower 1 or 2 flowers. Pedicels 2–5 mm long; sepals c. triangular, 2–3 mm long, obtuse or rounded, connate in basal third to half, elongating with age; corolla 3–6 mm long, glabrous except for papillose 2-lobed scales in throat, white, blue or rarely pink, tube slightly longer than the obtuse lobes; anthers to c. 1 mm long, with a mucronate appendage; style c. 1.5 mm long. Mericarps saucer-shaped, 2.5–3.5 mm long, with a raised winged rim, pale brown or yellowish-brown; spines on margin of rim and variously arranged on upper and lower surfaces of mericarp. Flowers mainly Sep.–Feb.

Brid, CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HFE, HNF, HSF, LoM, MuM, MSB, NIS, OtP, OtR, RobP, SnM, Strz, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WaP, WPro, Wim. All States. Widespread in a diverse range of habitats through much of the State, often abundant in disturbed sites or following fire.

The var. drummondii was based on material with few spines on the face of the mericarps. The ornamentation of the mericarps, however, is quite variable and no clear discontinuities in this character are evident from the specimens examined.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Boraginaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2021-02-03
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
family Boraginaceae
genus Cynoglossum
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Cynoglossum australe in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Cynoglossum australe in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Bridgewater present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Scroll Belt present native
Robinvale Plains present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Highlands-Far East present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory