Gladiolus undulatus L.

Wild Gladiolus

Mant. Pl. 1: 27 (1767) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Corm with outer layers fibrous; numerous subterranean bulbils often produced. Stem unbranched, with 1 or 2 reduced leaves. Basal leaves 3–6, linear-ensiform, 0.5–1.5 cm wide, flat, with several prominent veins. Inflorescence with flowers distichous, rarely secund, 3–8-flowered. Flowers funnel-shaped, white to cream-coloured with a blue-green tinge. Perianth tube 5–7 cm long, slightly curved; lobes with margin and apex undulate, sub-equal, spreading to recurved; adaxial lobe the largest and slightly hood-shaped. Anthers 7–8 mm long. Style branches level, or slightly exceeding anthers. Flowers Nov.–Jan.

*CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HSF, *NIS, *OtP, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP, *Wim. Also naturalised in WA, SA, NSW, Tas. Native to southern Africa. Widespread and locally abundant in cooler districts. A troublesome weed winter-wet pasture and grassy road-verges.

Source: Conn, B.J. (1994). Iridaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Andre Messina, 2014-10-28
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Iridaceae
genus Gladiolus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Gladiolus undulatus in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Gladiolus undulatus in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present introduced
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Victorian Alps present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory