Epilobium ciliatum Raf.

Glandular Willow-herb

Med. Repos. 5: 361 (1808) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Erect perennial (occasionally annual) herb, usually to 60 cm high, sometimes to 2 m high, usually well-branched at the base; stems with a fine pubescence of coiled hairs on ridges decurrent from leaf bases and often with numerous glandular hairs especially in the flowering regions. Leaves opposite on lower stems, alternate near inflorescences, lanceolate, 2.5–12 cm long, 5–30 mm wide, glabrous but for a few hairs on margins, petiole and main vein, margins with numerous tiny teeth, apex tapering or acuminate, base broad and rounded; petiole 1–3 mm long. Flowers with a conspicuous ring of long hairs inside the hypanthium; sepals linear-triangular, 2–4 mm long; petals white or purplish-pink, 3.5–5.5 mm long. Capsule 4.5–8.5 cm long, with a close, partly glandular pubescence; pedicel 0.3–1 cm long; seeds 0.9–1.2 mm long, comose, surface with laterally flattened papillae in obvious longitudinal lines. Flowers mainly Nov.–Mar.

*CVU, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *HNF, *HSF, *MuF, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *SnM, *Strz, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP, *Wim. Also naturalised WA, SA, Qld, NSW, ACT, Tas. Native to North and South America, possibly also far East Asia. An urban weed that has become established mainly in eastern Victoria, usually in damp or well-watered situations, and is particularly troublesome as a nursery weed. .

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1996). Onagraceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Myrtales
family Onagraceae
genus Epilobium
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Epilobium ciliatum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Epilobium ciliatum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present introduced
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present introduced
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised
Victorian Alps present naturalised
Snowy Mountains present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory