Asplenium trichomanes L.

Common Spleenwort

Sp. Pl. 1080 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Rhizome short, thick, covered with very dark, shiny, coarse scales. Fronds clustered, erect, 5–25 cm long. Stipe short, brittle, shiny brown to blackish, flattened above, tuft of scales at base; stipe bases persistent. Lamina once pinnate, linear, firm, deep green; rachis shiny, dark brown, brittle, grooved with narrrow, light brown fragmented wings. Pinnae shortly stalked, 15–40 pairs, asymmetrically oblong to oval, 2–10 mm long, margins deeply scalloped to almost entire; veins obscure, minor veins branching pinnately from midvein. Sori linear-oblong, oblique to midvein, not reaching margin; indusium oblong, pale, thin, with irregular margin, opening towards centre of pinna.

EGL, EGU, Glep, HNF, HSF, MonT, SnM, VAlp, VRiv, VVP. Scattered and uncommon in Victoria, occurring in rock crevices or on sheltered cliff ledges in cooler districts.

Two subspecies are recognized in Victoria, but they are extremely difficult to distinguish in the field. The following key is based on Jermy et al (1978).

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Ferns and allied plants (Psilophyta, Lycopodiophyta, Polypodiophyta). In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2017-02-02
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Distribution map


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Asplenium trichomanes in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Asplenium trichomanes in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory