Pyrorchis nigricans (R.Br.) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem.

Phytologia 77: 449 (1994) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Flowering plant 5–24 cm tall, all parts drying-black. Leaf basal, broadly ovate to orbicular, fleshy, variable in size, 15–70 mm long, 10–40 mm wide, green, often spotted red or black. Flowering-stem thick and fleshy, stem-bracts usually 2, loosely sheathing, leaf-like, rather blunt, 2–4 cm long. Flowers 2–7, purplish red and white (jet-black when dried), lightly perfumed; pedicel (including ovary) 10–15 mm long, sheathed by large bract which also envelops perianth; dorsal sepal usually light coloured with purplish-red stripes, broadly lanceolate, much incurved, 20–25 mm long; lateral sepals spreading or deflexed, dark-purple, linear, free, equal to dorsal sepal; petals similar to lateral sepals but spreading or slightly drooping. Labellum sessile, obovate-lanceolate, c. 15 mm long, lighter coloured with purple veins and a dark tip; lateral lobes erect, embracing column, ragged towards front, mid-lobe with blunt tip, much recurved, fringed or deeply toothed, longitudinally ridged between lateral lobes, with minute white calli covering all but ridge on upper and lower surfaces. Column erect, incurved, very narrowly winged. Flowers Sep.–Nov.

CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HSF, LoM, OtP, OtR, Strz, VVP, WaP, WPro, Wim. Also WA, SA, NSW, Tas. Common on damp and dry heath in far-western and southern Victoria, but rarely flowering without hot bushfires in the previous summer.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Orchidaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne (as Lyperanthus nigricans R.Br.).
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-02-15
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Orchidaceae
genus Pyrorchis
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Pyrorchis nigricans in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Pyrorchis nigricans in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory