Verbena litoralis var. litoralis

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Sparingly established

Herb usually 50–150 cm high, much-branched from base; branches erect, quadrangular, puberulous or almost glabrous. Leaves subsessile, elliptic-lanceolate or somewhat spathulate, 4–10 cm long and 1.5–3 cm wide, finely scabrous-strigillose with closely appressed hairs above, strigillose mainly on veins below, apex obtuse to acute, base attenuate or cuneate, not clasping, margin serrate-dentate or sometimes lobed; upper leaves entire or sparsely toothed, smaller than lower leaves, narrowly lanceolate, base attenuate or cuneate, apex acute. Inflorescence a lax terminal panicle with long branches ending in a spike. Bracts slightly shorter to or c. equal to calyx, glabrous adaxially, pubescent-puberulous abaxially with minute appressed hairs, becoming glabrescent with age. Calyx 5-toothed, 1.5–2 mm long, finely strigillose-pilose outside, glabrous inside; corolla bluish-purple, mauve or lilac, longer than calyx, tube 2–2.5(–3) mm long. Mericarps c. 1.5 mm long. Flowers throughout the year.

*GipP, *VVP. Also naturalised WA, Qld, NSW, NI. Native to South America. A weed of disturbed sites and moist sites near watercourses recorded in Victoria in wasteland near a railway line in North Melbourne.

Created by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2017-02-02
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-02-20
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Lamiales
family Verbenaceae
genus Verbena
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Verbena litoralis var. litoralis in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Verbena litoralis var. litoralis in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present introduced
Gippsland Plain present introduced