Plantago major L.

Greater Plantain

Sp. Pl. 112 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Short-lived perennial with many adventitious roots. Leaves rosetted, lamina ovate to elliptic, mostly 4–22 cm long and 2–12 cm wide, acute to rounded, pubescent to glabrescent, usually with 5–7 main veins, margins often with a few small blunt teeth; petiole 4–25 cm long. Spike long-cylindric, c. 8–25 cm long, dense except at base; peduncles 4–26 cm long, shortly antrorse-hairy; bracts elliptic, 2.5–3 mm long. Sepals broad-ovate to suborbicular, 2–2.5 mm long, subequal, with a rounded keel; corolla-tube 2–2.5 mm long, lobes 1.5–2 mm long, spreading or reflexed; anthers 0.7–1 mm long, exserted. Capsule ovoid to subglobose, 5–6 mm long; seeds usually 8–16, irregular and angular, to 2 mm long, dark brown. Flowers spring and summer.

*CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *HNF, *HSF, *OtP, *OtR, *SnM, *Strz, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *Wim. Naturalised in all States except NT. Native to Europe and north and central Asia. Widespread in moist disturbed sites.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Plantaginaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-04-01
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Lamiales
genus Plantago
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Plantago major in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Plantago major in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised
Victorian Alps present naturalised
Snowy Mountains present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory