Nicotiana tabacum L.


Sp. Pl. 1: 180 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Sparingly established

Erect viscid annual or short-lived perennial herb to 3 m high; branches with dense glandular hairs. Leaves nearly all cauline, sessile, ovate, elliptic or lanceolate, 20–50 cm long, 3–15 cm wide, with dense glandular hairs, apex acuminate, base attenuate, broadly winged and stem-clasping; upper cauline leaves oblanceolate to elliptic or ovate. Inflorescences terminal, panicle-like, much-branched. Flowers on pedicels 5–10(–15) mm long; calyx tubular to tubular-capanulate, 12–20(–25) mm long, viscid; corolla white or pink, tube (7–)10–15 mm long, outer surface puberulent, limb 10–15 mm diam., lobes acute to apiculate; stamens unequal, upper 4 filaments to 32 mm long, lower filament c. 26 mm long. Capsule narrowly elliptic, ovoid or orbicular, 15–20 mm long; seeds spherical or broadly elliptic, c. 0.5 mm long, wrinkled. Flowers spring–summer.

*GipP, *HSF, *VVP. Also naturalised Qld, NSW. Central and South America. Infrequently recorded in Victoria from vacant lots and weed infested land bordering residencies in the Melbourne metropolitan area.

The major species in commercial tobacco production. Cultivated throughout the West Indies, Central America and northern South America since pre-Columbian times and not known with certainty from the wild although based on its probably evolutionary origins it may have originated from north-western Argentina and adjacent Bolivia (Goodspeed 1954).

Created by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2016-06-08
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-06-18

Goodspeed, T.H. (1954). The genus Nicotiana, Chronica Botanica: an Annual Record of Pure and Applied Botany 16.

Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Solanales
family Solanaceae
genus Nicotiana
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Nicotiana tabacum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Nicotiana tabacum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present introduced
Gippsland Plain present introduced
Highlands-Southern Fall present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory