Sparaxis tricolor (Schneev.) Ker Gawl.

Tricolor Harlequin-flower

Ann. Bot. (König & Sims) 1: 225 (1804) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Corm 1–2 cm diam. Leaves linear to narrowly obovate, 8–20 cm long, 5–15 mm wide. Inflorescence with scape unbranched. Primary bracts narrowly ovate, 2.3–2.8 cm long; apex acute and shallowly torn. Flowers broadly funnel-shaped. Perianth tube c. 8 mm long, narrow at base, widened above, bright yellow; lobes 2.5–3 cm long, c. 1 cm wide, orange to dark red with a black sagittate mark at base. Stamens symmetrically arranged around the style; anthers yellow. Style erect, not exceeding anthers; branches cuneate, 1–2 mm long, yellow. Bulbils few, in lower leaf axils only. Flowers Aug.–Oct.

*CVU, *GipP, *Gold, *HSF, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *VRiv. Also naturalised in WA, SA. Commonly grown as a garden ornamental, occasionally escaping through dumped garden refuse and establishing in grassy communities.

Source: Conn, B.J. (1994). Iridaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2017-05-31
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Iridaceae
genus Sparaxis
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Sparaxis tricolor in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Sparaxis tricolor in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory